8 of the deepest places the earth can offer

Wondrous places you might need to dig deep to get to – or at least require a professional caver.
By Alison Mann

There is something enticing about travelling to the deepest depths the world has to offer. Of course, at some of these you see only black, but others you can see magic that's only offered below the earth’s surface. From stepping inside the imposing chamber of a volcano, to an ice-filled lake, these are some of the deepest places you could possibly see.

Exploring a cave

Krubera cave, Georgia
Krubera cave, Georgia © Stephen Alvarez/Getty Images

Where: Georgia
How deep: 2,197m
Difficulty to get there: 9

The Krubera Cave is currently the deepest known on earth, and can be found in the Arabika Massive. It has been a hot spot for divers looking to explore the deepest parts of the cave. The deepest explored part is 2,197m. Ukranian diver Gennadiy Samokhin set the record in 2012.

Incredibly deep sea diving

The first ever dive to the bottom of the ocean
The first ever dive to the bottom of the ocean © Thomas J. Abercrombie/Getty Images

Where: Mariana Trench
How deep: 10,916m
Difficulty to get there: 10

The deepest part of the ocean was first explored in January 1960 by Don Walsh and Jacques Piccard, using the bathyscaphe Trieste. It was also recently explored by film maker James Cameron in 2012. The dive was made in a one-man submersible called the Deepsea Challenger and the director filmed the whole thing with the aim of promoting scientific discovery.

To the centre of the earth, a volcano

You can visit inside Thrihnukagigur Volcano
You can visit inside Thrihnukagigur Volcano © Iurie Belegurschi/IcelandPhotoTours

Where: Iceland
How deep: 213m
Difficulty to get there: 5

This dormant volcano is the only one that can be explored from the inside – don’t worry it last erupted 4000 years ago and there’s no indication there will be another soon. Visiting Thrihnukagigur Volcano is pretty easy, visitors are lowered in on an open elevator and can then marvel at the multi-coloured chamber.

Manmade hole

The Mponeng gold mine is the deepest manmade hole
The Mponeng gold mine is the deepest manmade hole © Graeme Williams/Getty Images

Where: South Africa
How deep: 4000m
Difficulty to get there: 6

Mponeng is a gold mine in South Africa and at 4km below the surface, it takes over an hour to reach the bottom. The structure is the deepest manmade hole on earth and is actively mined today. When down in the depths of the mine, the temperature of the rock is around 60 degrees C, and has 95 percent humidity.

Siberia, home to the deepest lake

Lake Baikal is the deepest in the world
Lake Baikal is the deepest in the world © Byron Tanaphol Prukston/Getty Images

Where: South east Siberia
How deep: 1637m
Difficulty to get there: 8

Lake Baikal is hardly a tourist hotspot because of its location in a remote part of Siberia. It is possible to dive to the bottom, in 2013 the Sochi Olympic Torch was taken to the bottom of the lake by divers and President Putin even went there in a mini-submarine.

Lowest point on earth

The lowest point on earth lies under ice
The lowest point on earth lies under ice © Gordon Wiltsie/Getty Images

Where: West Antarctica
How deep: 2,555m below sea level
Difficulty to get there: 10

The Bentley Subglacial Trench is the lowest point on the surface of the earth that is not covered by ocean – it is, however, covered by ice. The pit is deeper than the Grand Canyon and was found by a group of scientists charting the Ellsworth Subglacial Highlands using satellites and ice-penetrating radar.

The deepest scuba dive

Ahmed Gabr during his record breaking dive
Ahmed Gabr during his record breaking dive © Jenny Lord

Where: Red Sea, Egypt
How deep: 332.35m
Difficulty to get there: 9

The deepest Scuba dive was undertaken by Ahmed Gabr in September 2014. He dived 332.35m in the Red Sea, Egypt to smash the record. The new record beat the existing one by 14.1m.

Cave to climb out of

Stefan Glowacz and Chris Sharma climbing during his expedition in Oman.
Dropping down into Majlis al Jinn © Klaus Fengler/ Stefan Glowacz GmbH

Where: Oman
How deep: 310m
Difficulty to get there: 9

The Majlis al Jinn cave is one of the deepest chambers in the world. What makes it unique is that the only way to get in there is by absieling 160m. That is unless you're Felix Baumgartner who BASE jumped into the cave in 2007. Chris Sharma and Stefan Glowacz descended to the bottom of the cave and while climbing out managed to scale the world's largest un-climbed roof - a never before climbed route.

 

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