Fitness

10 strength exercises to improve your running

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Written by Laura FountainPublished on
Use this full-body workout devised by PT Laura Fountain to improve your running and decrease your injury risk.
Strength training can have huge benefits for runners. For starters, stronger leg muscles can deliver more power when running, while strengthening connective tissues (tendons and ligaments) can make you less prone to injury.
Improving your upper-body strength can also boost your running efficiency. With a stronger core, you'll be able to maintain a stable upper body, minimising side-to-side movement – and better hold your form at the end of a race when you begin to tire. And by developing strength in your arms, you'll improve your arm drive so you can inject more power into your stride.
The below workout by running coach and PT Laura Fountain targets the legs, arms and core – and will serve you well if you're taking part in Red Bull Race The Moon – a Strava challenge calling on participants to run a mile (or more) a day for 28 days between June 21 and July 19 (find out more and sign up here).
Start by doing the exercises using just your own bodyweight and progress to using free weights as you feel yourself getting stronger.
How to do these exercises
Follow the below exercises in order, taking 90 seconds rest between each set and two minutes rest before moving onto the next exercise. When following this routine, concentrate on perfecting your form, rather than completing the exercises as quickly as you can. Use a mirror or ask a friend to check you’re doing the exercises correctly.

Exercise 1: Press-ups

Exercise 1: Press-up
Exercise 1: Press-up
Reps & sets: 10 reps; 2 sets
Benefits: Strengthens the chest, shoulders and arms to improve posture and arm drive while running.
● Lay face down with your hands on the floor either side of your chest. Your toes should be tucked under.
● Press down into your hands, raising your body off the floor. Keep your body straight and avoid stretching your neck.
● When your arms are almost fully extended (don’t lock your elbows), lower your body back down, almost to the floor, and repeat.

Exercise 2: Dumbbell row

Exercise 2: Dumbbell row
Exercise 2: Dumbbell row
Reps & sets: 12 reps on each side; 2 sets
Benefits: Strengthens the upper back to balance out chest strength.
● Place your left knee and hand on a bench. Your upper body should be horizontal.
● Take a dumbbell in your right hand, arm extended towards the floor.
● Pull the weight up towards you, keeping your elbow close to your waist, then lower to the start position.

Exercise 3: Tricep dips

Exercise 3: Tricep dips
Exercise 3: Tricep dips
Reps & sets: 12 reps; 2 sets
Benefits: Strengthens the arms and shoulders to help you maintain an upright running posture.
● Sit with the heel of your hands on the edge of a bench with your fingers over the edge.
● Take the weight off your body with your arms and, bending at the elbows, lower yourself down. Push back up with your arms (avoid using your legs to lift yourself) and repeat.

Exercise 4: Step-ups

Exercise 4: Step-ups
Exercise 4: Step-ups
Reps & sets: 10 reps on each side; 2 sets
Benefits: Works all major muscle groups in the legs, improving running power.
● Stand in front of a bench or box (ensure it’s strong enough to hold your weight).
● Place one foot onto the bench and push off your rear leg to step up, keeping your body tall and your knee over your ankle on your supporting leg. Think about bringing your hips forwards and up rather than pulling forwards with your knees.
● Bring your trail leg up to a high knee position without it touching the bench. Then lower it back down to the floor.
● To increase difficulty, hold dumbbells in each hand.

Exercise 5: Squats

Exercise 5: Squats
Exercise 5: Squats
Reps & sets: 15 reps; 2 sets
Benefits: Strengthens the major muscle groups used when running decreasing injury risk. Also improves flexibility for a faster, more efficient running stride.
● Stand with your feet a little wider than hip-width apart, toes pointing slightly outwards.
● Lower yourself down, bending at the knee and hip, as though you’re sitting down on a chair.
● Keep your knees over your ankles and your chest up. Focus on your bum going back.
● Lower down close to a sitting position, then push up through your heels and return to standing.
● To increase difficulty, hold a kettlebell at chest height while performing the movement, or rest a barbell across your upper back.

Exercise 6: Walking lunges

Exercise 6: Walking Lunges
Exercise 6: Walking Lunges
Reps & sets: 8 reps on each side; 2 sets
Benefits: Improves single-leg balance for improved stability and coordination when you run. Also increases stride length helping you to run faster.
● Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart.
● Take a big step forward with one leg and lower your body and rear knee towards the floor, making sure it doesn't make contact.
● Keep your front knee over your ankle and your body upright.
● Push off your rear leg and step your front leg backwards to meet your rear leg.
● Repeat alternating your lead leg.
● To make this exercise more challenging, hold a dumbbell in each hand by your side (choose a weight that's suitable for you). Alternatively, to work your core more, hold a medicine ball in both hands out in front of you. As you step forward to lunge, keep your arms straight and bring the ball up above your head. Lower it down as you step back to standing.

Exercise 7: Single-leg deadlift

Exercise 7: Single-leg deadlift
Exercise 7: Single-leg deadlift
Reps & sets: 10 reps on each side; 2 sets
Benefits: Strengthens the glutes and hamstrings to increase running power, while also improving stability for reduced risk of injury.
● Stand tall with a dumbbell or kettlebell in your right hand.
● Take your left foot off the floor and extend your left leg behind you. Bend forward at the hip, keeping your back straight and your right arm extended towards the floor.
● Keep a slight bend in your right knee, and keep your hips level.
● Bring the weight almost to the floor and your back as close to horizontal as you can, before returning to the start position and repeating on the other side.

Exercise 8: Superman/back extension

Exercise 8: Superman/back extension
Exercise 8: Superman/back extension
Reps & sets: 10 reps; 2 sets
Benefits: Helps strengthen the middle and upper back for a more stable, upright running posture and improved running efficiency.
● Lay face down with your hands by your ears, palms facing down.
● Lift your chest and shoulders off the floor and squeeze your shoulder blades together. Keep looking at the floor to avoid stretching your neck.
● Lower to the start position and repeat.

Exercise 9: Glute bridge

Exercise 9: Glute bridge
Exercise 9: Glute bridge
Reps & sets: 15 reps; 2 sets
Benefits: Targets the glutes for improved activation when you run. This will help you to keep your pelvis level and your legs, pelvis and torso aligned when you run, boosting your stability and therefore your running efficiency.
● Lay on your back with your arms by your sides and your feet flat on the floor.
● Raise your hips towards the sky to create a straight line between your knees, hips and shoulders.
● Keep your shoulders on the floor to protect your neck.
● Hold the position for two seconds before lowering slowly back down and repeating.
● To make this more challenging, hold your arms outstretched above you.

Exercise 10: Leg raises

Exercise 10: Leg raises
Exercise 10: Leg raises
Sets and reps: 10 reps; 2 sets
Benefits: Strengthens your hip flexors which are responsible for knee lift when you run. Also works the lower abdominals for a more stable torso.
● Lay on your back with your arms by your sides.
● Bring your feet together and raise them up as close to vertical as feels comfortable.
● Lower them slowly back to an inch above the floor and repeat.
● To make easier, perform the exercise using one leg at a time.