High Diving5 min

Cliff diving, but take it underground

Champion Rhiannan Iffland joins Constantin Popovici for an unprecedented adventure 120m below ground in Romania.
Written by Katrin StroblPublished on
Red Bull Cliff Diving’s record champion, Rhiannan Iffland from Australia, and Romania’s rising star, Constantin Popovici, dived 120m underground in the Salina Turda, one of the world’s oldest salt mines in Romania.
In a never-before-attempted feat, the women's title favourite and local hero Popovici pushed the boundaries of high diving to the next level as they leaped from the walls of the cone-shaped mining room into the underground salty lake in the depths of Transylvania.
120m under the surface of the Earth, surrounded by a science-fiction-like wonderland shaped by salt and humankind, the athletes’ bodies were decelerated from 85kph to zero in almost twice the usual speed, due to the water’s high density. Following this extraordinary experience, the duo are looking forward to the return of competition in the 2021 Red Bull Cliff Diving World Series.
Constantin Popovici of Romania dives at Salina Turda, Romania on October 6, 2020.
The old mine looks like something right out of a sci-fi movie
While mining in this huge underground bell stopped in 1880, and the salt mine was turned into a spectacular tourist destination more recently, cliff diving was only added to the attractions this year.
“We ticked a ‘world’s first’ box today," said 29-year-old Iffland, "the first-ever underground dive into a salt mine. It's very dark down in the lake. The water is 17 percent more dense than seawater, so the impact is different. It's actually quite a unique experience to hit the water when it's that salty. It just pushes you straight up to the surface.
We ticked a ‘world’s first’ box today
Red Bull Cliff Diving World Series champion, Rhiannan Iffland poses for a portrait at Le Bouchage in Rhone-Alpes, France on September 25, 2020
Rhiannan Iffland
Cliff Diving
“The most challenging thing for me was to get my mind into gear after this special year. It was really hard to set myself back into the place that I was last year to be able to just block those fears out and to go up there and dive straight away.”
Red Bull Cliff Diving World Series champion, Rhiannan Iffland of Australia, dives at Salina Turda, Romania on October 7, 2020.
Iffland launches herself from the specially-built platform in Salina Turda
The water and air temperature of 12 degrees Celsius was a rather trivial aspect, as diving into high salinity water comes with a greater buoyant force and a much faster deceleration of the body during the landing phase. With a salinity eight-times higher than the Adriatic Sea – 260g/l vs. 33g/l – the divers came to a complete standstill just 2.5m below the water surface, compared to the regular 5m when diving from up to 27m. This extra element imposed on the athletes’ fitness was compounded by the challenging condition of diving without any natural light.
It’s the most outstanding and mentally demanding project I’ve done in my life
Constantin Popovici
“Being in a cave, it's totally dark, we have lights but it's still not a natural perfect setting to dive, so that's a very challenging situation," explained Bucharest-native Popovici. "Standing on the platform you almost touched the wall with your head or hands, so it's a bit challenging to push and dive into the right spot to avoid the shallow water – it’s the most outstanding and mentally demanding project I’ve done in my life.
“I'm really proud to be the first Romanian cliff diving in Romania. We never had the opportunity, and I'm really excited it's in this iconic place in this region of Transylvania; I have been in this mine before and it's a once-in-a-lifetime chance.”
The first documented reference of the visually stunning location of the Turda Salt Mine, in the middle of one of Romania’s oldest settlements, dates back to 1271, and was the main source of supply until mining work ceased in 1932. Today a veritable history museum and an underground theme park, the mine attracts 700,000 visitors per year.
For the fans of the Red Bull Cliff Diving World Series, as well as its protagonists like Iffland and Popovici, the return of competition in 2021 is eagerly awaited. Considering the current health and safety aspects, a calendar is expected to be announced early next year.